The terminology "caucus" was not derived from ANC organisational experience or culture, but was taken from a terminology and parliamentary practice that the ANC found amongst the remnants of the apartheid Parliament. Likewise, concepts such as "study group", "whippery" and others were found to exist in Parliament and had to be given new content.
Caucus is sum total of ANC members of the Free State Legislature, including Members of the Executive Committee ( Premier and MECs) constitute the ANC Free State Caucus in the Free State Legislature. The Members of the ANC Caucus at all levels of their deployment, derive their broad mandates from Caucus. At all material times such mandates will be consistent with resolutions of the ANC constitutional structures. The Caucus is a very important structure and attendance of its meetings is compulsory to all ANC public representatives.
The principal tasks of caucuses of political parties are to keep MPLs of each political formation informed about the parliamentary programme and to enable the MPLs to discuss and agree on the approach of their parties to all matters on the parliamentary agenda. They also serve as the organ within which those elected by Caucus to parliamentary positions account to the organisation as well as serving as institutions that ensures the accountability of members of Caucus. Caucuses also serve as the point of contact between the MPLs and the leadership of the organisation to which they belong. Caucuses manage the work of the study groups, which play the role of portfolio committee caucuses, and are therefore sub-structures of the national Caucus. As stated above Committee and Study Group chairs report to Caucus through the Chief Whip. The ANC Caucus carries out the above functions under the supervision of the Political Committee.
The regular meetings of the ANC Caucus are a mechanism, amongst many others (such as study groups, political schools, workshops etc), to ensure that this collective can discuss and co-ordinate its work. Viewed from this perspective, Caucus meetings are a part of the day-to-day political management tasks of the Office of the Chief Whip.